FASD is an umbrella term describing the range of effects that can occur in an individual whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. These effects may include physical, mental, behavioural and learning disabilities with lifelong implications.
FASD is a brain-based injury. While individuals may share common features, every individual is unique with their own strengths and challenges.
FASD EFFECTS VARY WIDELY
Research and clinical experience over many years has demonstrated that the extent and location of neurological injury can produce a wide range of physical, behavioural, and cognitive symptoms. Therefore the term FASD encompasses:
- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
- Partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (PFAS)
- Alcohol Related Neuro-developmental Disorder (ARND)
- Alcohol Related Birth Defects (ARBD).
FASD IS FOUND IN ALL CULTURES AND LEVELS OF SOCIETY
FASD is a life-long physical condition that occurs in all cultures and levels of society. In Canada, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is estimated to occur at a rate of one to two per 1,000 live births (0.1 to 0.2 percent), while FASD rates are less clear but undoubtedly higher. In Health Canada’s Framework for Action on FASD (2003), the incidence is estimated to be nine in 1,000 live births (0.9 percent).
FASD Manitoba has a wonderful video “The Dollars and Sense of Determining FASD Prevalence: A Canadian Responsibility” showing experts from across the country discuss what we know about the prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Canada.
Learn more about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder at these websites.